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ICC Russia

The International Chamber of Commerce - The World Business Organization (ICC) is an influential non-profit international organization established in 1919 to address current business development issues.


ICC Russia


History of the International Chamber of Commerce - ICC Russia

The International Chamber of Commerce - The World Business Organization (ICC) is an influential non-profit international organization established in 1919 to address current business development issues. To this end, the ICC serves to this day, bringing together thousands of enterprises, companies and business associations in 130 countries of the world.

In 1919, several entrepreneurs decided to create an organization that was supposed to represent the interests of business throughout the world. Then the initiative group of industrialists, financiers and sales representatives made a firm decision to bring economic prosperity into a world that had not fully recovered after the First World War. They created the International Chamber of Commerce, naming themselves as “merchants of the world.”

At the beginning of the 20th century there were only a few such international structures in the world. At the same time, there was a lack of a single global system of rules for regulating trade, investment, and financial or commercial relations. Filling this gap through the initiative and through the private sector, regardless of state support, became the main idea of ​​the founding fathers of the ICC. At that time they did not realize this, the creators of the International Chamber of Commerce founded an organization that became an integral part of the global economy. Over the years, the ICC has played one of the most important roles in international trade and business. And today, under the auspices of the World Business Organization, rules, mechanisms and standards are being created, which are used daily in conditions that are even more complex than in 1919.

Over time, an initiative group of entrepreneurs from five countries expanded the capabilities of the International Chamber of Commerce to organizations with hundreds of thousands of member companies in more than 120 countries around the world. Today, the ICC community includes both a significant number of major transnational corporations and many smaller companies.

Most of the earliest ICC activists were recruited by its first chairman, Etienne Clementel, who also held various ministerial posts in the French government during other periods. It was under his leadership that the organization’s secretariat settled in Paris. Etienne Clementel is also known as the main creator of the ICC International Court of Arbitration in 1923.

In the 1920s, the work of the International Chamber of Commerce focused more on reparations and military debts. In turn, in the 1930s, when the next world war gradually unfolded, the work of the World Business Organization was devoted to combating the global economic depression and containing the policy of protectionism.

In 1933, ICC released the first version of the Unified Rules and Customs for Documentary Letters of Credit, which are still used today in trade finance by banks around the world. Another ICC flagship product, Incoterms® - international trade terms familiar to every trading trader - was released in 1936 and is still being updated as needed. In subsequent years, the ICC also presented its first version of the International Code of Advertising Practice.

In 1946, the ICC was granted the highest consultative status with the United Nations, which launched cooperation with the UN and its specialized agencies on a wide range of issues as a representative of the business sector.

For many years, the ICC has remained a staunch supporter of an open multilateral trading system, including through its consistent position on the Doha Round negotiations. Due to the fact that developing countries are increasingly becoming members of the International Chamber of Commerce, the organization has increased the requirements for opening up the international market for products produced by these countries, especially for crops.

Meeting the needs of its members, the World Business Organization is constantly expanding its activities. Thus, at the initiative of the ICC in 1950, the World Federation of Chambers of Commerce was founded, which now provides over 12,000 chambers of commerce centralized throughout the world. Another division of the organization - the ICC Section on Combating Commercial Crimes - was created by the International Chamber of Commerce in 1980 in London to investigate and take action on all aspects of commercial crimes.

The year 2004 launched the new and very important international ICC initiative - BASCAP (BusinessActiontostopCounterfeitingand Piracy - Business in the fight against counterfeit distribution and piracy), created to coordinate the efforts of a business that is determined to resist the proliferation of counterfeit and pirated products. As the initiative developed, ICC BASCAP united the efforts of the largest companies - the locomotives of the global economy, such as Apple, Chanel, Hewlett Packard, Lacoste, Microsoft, NBC Universal, Nestle, Nike, Pfizer, Procter & Gamble, Shell International, Unilever, Universal Music and others

In 2016, the UN General Assembly granted observer status to the International Chamber of Commerce. The new role of the ICC means that the business now has a direct opportunity to express its opinion within the UN system. This decision laid the foundation for the ICC to make a direct contribution to the work of the General Assembly, and also reflects the vital role the private sector will play in the implementation of the United Nations Sustainable Development Agenda 2030.

Today, 12 ICC commissions, consisting of experts from various sectors of the economy, in their activities cover special areas of direct interest to international business. The scope of interests of the ICC is variable, which includes the widest range of topics from banking practice to taxation, from competition law to protection of intellectual property rights, from transport, environment and energy to international investment and trade policy:



Arbitration and ADR (Arbitration and Friendly Dispute Resolution)

Banking (Banking Commission)

Commercial Law and Practice (Commission on Commercial Law and Practice)

Competition (Competition Commission)

Corporate Responsibility and Anti-corruption (Commission on Corporate Social Responsibility and Anti-Corruption)

Commission on Customs and Trade Facilitation (Commission on Customs and Trade Regulations)

Digital Economy (Commission on the Digital Economy)

Environment and Energy (Commission on Environment and Energy)

Intellectual Property (Intellectual Property Commission)

Marketing and Advertising (Marketing and Advertising Commission)

Taxation (Taxation Commission)

Trade and Investment Policy (Trade and Investment Policy Commission)


Thus, all the activities of the World Business Organization are aimed at the realization of the basic obligation enshrined in the ICC Constitution: "to promote the development of an open world economy with a firm belief that international trade exchange contributes to world prosperity and peace among nations."

ICC official website: www.iccwbo.org


29.10.2012 18:12:30
(Automatic translation)



Tatyana Monaghan

Secretary General of ICC Russia.

ICC - World Business Organization

That is the world’s largest business organization working to promote international trade, responsible business conduct and a global approach to regulation to accelerate inclusive and sustainable growth to the benefit of all.


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