Inca and the mysterious Machu Picchu - 1BiTv.com

Inca and the mysterious Machu Picchu

The Incas built Machu Picchu on the site of the fracture faults.


Inca and the mysterious Machu Picchu


The Incas deliberately built one of the "wonders of the world" - the legendary city of Machu Picchu in Peru - on the site of fracture faults, according to a new investigation of scientists.
This study, published by the Geological Society of the United States, refers to the fact that the Incas decided to specifically build their sanctuary right in the place where several geological faults are located. This is one of the most visited places in Peru and in the world.
In the middle of the Inca Sacred Valley, Machu Picchu, which was supposedly built for the first Inca ruler Pachacutek, whose statue is in the city, rises between the Andes at an altitude of 2,430 meters above sea level. Its architectural appearance remains intact after almost six centuries after construction. Machu Picchu even survived two earthquakes in 1650 and 1950 that destroyed objects of colonial times in the nearby area, but not the holy city of the Incas. By the way, the Spanish colonialists, when they arrived at the archaeological site, had the intention to destroy and rob the sanctuaries. But they didn’t even get to Machu Picchu.

"The location of Machu Picchu is not accidental," a statement from a geologist from the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, and the author of the study said in a statement. Common sense suggests, noted in the publication, that the right place for building a holy city - a symbol of the might of the Inca empire - would be a flat and stable area offering a solid foundation. However, they chose a completely different option and did it quite deliberately.
To search for evidence of his theory, Menegat used satellite images and field measurements, with which he mapped a dense network of faults and cracks in the area on which the city was built. These data showed that faults range from cracks in some stones to lines as long as 175 kilometers, which delimit some river valleys surrounding the area.
Some of these coincide with the major faults that have created the mountains of the central Andes over the past eight million years. Some of the faults go from the north-east to the south-west, while others, as a rule, pass from the north-west to the south-east, forming a kind of cross in the center of which Machu Picchu is located.

The analysis shows that several buildings, staircases and urban areas of Machu Picchu, as well as the surrounding agricultural fields, were built in accordance with the orientation of these faults in a cross shape. “The design clearly reflects the matrix of destruction that underlies the city,” the scientist said, adding that this picture was also observed in other ancient Inca cities such as Ollantaytambo, Pisak and Cuzco.

The study claims that the area chosen for the construction of their holy city offered the Incas a large number of cracks, and made their work easier because it was easier to cut stones from rocks. They lay so tightly together that today in Machu Picchu you can see stones that are built so precisely that it is impossible to insert a thin credit card between them.

But this was not the only advantage that the Inca faults brought. According to Menegat, the network also served the Incas as a water supply system. "Tectonic faults in the area sent melt and rainwater directly to the citadel," says the geologist. He claims that pre-existing faults saved efforts in the construction of canals.
Other Inca culture experts claim the location of Machu Picchu is due to their religious beliefs, as well as the need to be located in a high area that would protect them from the enemies of the mighty Chanka tribe, considered unsurpassed warriors. In general, historians and archaeologists agree that the Incas had sufficient knowledge and skills that allowed them to determine whether the place was suitable for the creation of a city, in this case one that would become a whole administrative, political and religious center, allowing to manage the great, according to their opinion, empire of Vilkabamba. However, experts say that the history of the Incas cannot be explained 100 percent, because they did not have a written language and there are no documents from that time.

The great administrative, political and spiritual center of the Incas still holds many mysteries, but for Menegat, there is, according to him, one that has already been revealed. “Machu Picchu clearly shows us that the Inca civilization was an empire of ruined rocks,” the scientist concluded.


Source: Russian newspaper


27.09.2019 07:41:16
(Automatic translation)






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