Imports of antibiotics to Russia exceeded $ 160 million -

Imports of antibiotics to Russia exceeded $ 160 million

The main volume was in 2019.

As Hippocrates said: “Let food be your medicine until medicine becomes your food”

Antibiotics are drugs used to treat bacterial infections, and each of them is characterized by its spectrum of action, indications for use. The British bacteriologist Alexander Fleming is considered the discoverer of the antibiotic - penicillin. For his discovery, the scientist in 1945 received the Nobel Prize. Since then, antibiotics have saved millions of lives, saving a huge number of people from suffering.

According to foreign trade statistics for 4 years (2016 - 2019), 6.98 thousand tons of antibiotics were imported. The main volume fell in 2019, and the minimum supply fell in 2016. The total value of imports amounted to $ 524.72 million.

In 2016, the supply of imported antibiotics amounted to 1.61 thousand tons for a total of $ 109.15 million. In 2017, the value of imports increased by almost 12% compared to 2016 and amounted to $ 122.13 million and 1.83 thousand tons in physical volume. At the same time, in 2018 compared with 2017, the increase in the value of imports was insignificant by only 5% due to the appearance of Russian analogues in the market and corresponded to $ 128.93 million in value and 1.45 thousand tons in physical volume. In 2019, the cost of importing antibiotics into Russia increased by 27% compared to 2018 - deliveries amounted to $ 164.51 million and 2.09 thousand tons in physical terms. For 4 years, from 2016 to 2019, the cost of importing antibiotics increased by 50%.

The basis of import deliveries of antibiotics in 2019 was:

Other antibiotics (code 294190) = $ 116.97 million (71.11%)
Tetracyclines and their derivatives (code 294130) = $ 21.75 million (13.22%)
Penicillins and their derivatives (code 294110) = $ 11.31 million (6.88%)

Demand for other antibiotics, from 2016 to 2019 increased by 47%, from $ 79.42 million to $ 116.97 million. and he rightfully occupies a leading position.

In 2019, the leading suppliers of antibiotic imports to Russia were:

1.China - $ 123.76 million (75.23% of the total);
2. India - $ 13 million (7.90%);
3. Korea - $ 12.17 million (7.40%);
4. Belarus - $ 4.41 million (2.68%);
5. Bulgaria - $ 2.55 million (1.55%)

Imports of antibacterial drugs from China in 2019 increased by 50%, from $ 82.32 million in 2018 to $ 123.76 million in value, and in real terms from 1.2 thousand tons in 2018 to 1, 77 thousand tons in 2019.

In recent years, China has pursued an environmental protection policy, which is why companies need to install expensive treatment facilities, which increases the cost of substances, and temporary production downtime leads to a delay in supplies.

The leading Russian regions for the import of antibiotics are:

1.Moscow - $ 61.6 million (37.44%);
2. Krasnoyarsk Territory - $ 16.25 million (9.88%);
3. Kurgan region - $ 15.57 million (9.47%);
4. Belgorod region - $ 14.97 million (9.47%)
5. Irkutsk region - $ 14.86 million (9.03%)

According to the study of the VED-Stat Analytical Group, available here, in 2016, the leading importers of antibiotics were KRASFARMA OJSC (due to this, Krasnoyarsk Territory was in second place in the ranking of regions), INDUKERN-RUS LLC, SINTEZ OJSC, LLC PROTEK-SVM, JSC FARMASINTEZ, each of which imported this product in the amount of more than $ 5 million. There are no more recent data on importers in the public domain, but they can be obtained by paid subscription.

The coronovirus epidemic is making adjustments to the pharmaceutical industry.
Manufacturers of low-cost antibiotics may face problems due to interruptions in the supply of pharmaceutical raw materials from China and other countries, since Russian medicines consist of 75% of Chinese raw materials, and a delay in supply is unlikely to maintain stability in the domestic drug market. India has already banned the export of several drugs.

The challenge now is to either increase the production of substances within the country, or expand the list of supplier countries. Lack of raw materials and a change in the manufacturer of substances may lead to the fact that manufacturers refuse to work at a loss, and a number of drugs will leave the Russian market.

20.04.2020 07:52:42
(Automatic translation)


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