Will Russia have enough railroad cars? - 1BiTv.com

Will Russia have enough railroad cars?

The surge in wagon imports in 2019.

Will Russia have enough railroad cars?

Despite the fact that Russia is a manufacturer of railway cars and their supplier to the foreign market, over the past year, the volume of imports of these products has grown significantly. Consider the details.

Foreign trade statistics for the last 4 years (2016 - 2019) show that 16.21 thousand units were imported into Russia from railways or trams, non-self-propelled freight cars. The main volume fell in 2019, and the minimum supply was in 2016. The total value of imports is $ 381.07 million, with a cargo weight of 371.52 thousand tons. The main volume fell in 2019, and the minimum supply was in 2016.

In 2016, supplies of imported wagons amounted to 1.76 thousand wagons for a total amount of $ 26.23 million. In 2017, the number of cars increased to 6.34 thousand units, and the cost of deliveries compared to 2016 increased 4 times and amounted to $ 110.05 million. In 2018, 2.37 thousand railcars were purchased, compared with 2017, the cost dropped sharply by 41% to $ 65.09 million. In 2019, 5.37 thousand wagons were imported, and import costs, in comparison with 2018, increased 2.7 times and amounted to $ 179.7 million. Details here: https://statimex.ru/statistic/8606/import/def/world/RU/

For 4 years, from 2016 to 2019. the value of imports of wagons increased by 6.8 times.

In the layout by types of cars, the basis of import deliveries in 2019 was:

1. 860610 - Tank car of all types - $ 78.23 million. (share by value - 43.54%), in physical terms 3.41 thousand units;
2. 860699 - Other railway or tram cars, non-self-propelled freight cars - $ 45.02 million. (share by value - 25.06%) 1.16 thousand units;
3. 860692 - Railroad or tramcarriages, non-self-propelled freight wagons, with fixed sides more than 60 cm high - $ 32.41 million. (share by value - 18.03%) 820 pieces;

In 2019, the leading suppliers of imports were:

1. Kazakhstan - $ 78.36 million (43.61%);
2. Belarus - $ 67.22 million (37.41%);
3. Ukraine - $ 26.24 million (14.60%);
4. Czech Republic - $ 3.41 million (1.90%);

The undisputed leader in the supply of wagons in 2019 is Kazakhstan, compared to 2018, increasing the cost of imports by 5.7 times. Imports from Belarus are gaining momentum, if for the whole of 2018, the cost of imports was $ 18 million, and in physical terms 476 cars, then in 2019 the volume increased by 3.7 times and amounted to 1.29 thousand cars in kind.

The leading Russian regions for the import of wagons are:

1. Moscow - $ 115.79 million (64.44%);
2. Belgorod region - $ 13.83 million (7.69%);
3. St. Petersburg - $ 12.8 million (7.12%);
4. The Tyumen region - $ 7.23 million (4.02%);
5. The Republic of Bashkortostan - $ 6.26 million (3.49%);

Moscow, as a region with the lion's share in Russia's total imports, is a leader in the purchase of wagons. In 2019, most of the supplies fell in April and amounted to $ 66.05 million at a cost, while demand fell in February, when railcars were not purchased at all, out of 3.91 thousand railcars purchased during the year, 2.66 thousand The wagons came in April.

St. Petersburg is increasing the pace of wagon imports, if the import value for the whole of 2018 amounted to $ 537.97 thousand, and 56 cars in kind, then in 2019, the volume increased 23.7 times and reached $ 12.8 million , and in kind 248 cars.

Belgorod Oblast, on the other hand, sharply reduced wagon imports. If for the whole of 2017, the value of imports corresponded to $ 46.19 million, and in physical terms 3.1 thousand wagons, then in relation to 2019 the volume decreased by 3.3 times, and amounted to $ 13.83 million, and 136 cars in kind.

Thus, the surge in wagon imports occurred in 2019 due to the supply of tank wagons from Belarus and Kazakhstan. Perhaps the shortage of this type of wagon for transporting liquids and oil products necessitated the expansion of the fleet of wagons of this type, which was done by purchasing tanks from the closest neighbors in the Customs Union.

28.04.2020 14:11:42
(Automatic translation)


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