Russia stocked up with onions -

Russia stocked up with onions

Onion supplies to Russia from year to year are seasonal.

Russia stocked up with onions

Onions - an ancient vegetable plant. In a culture known over 5000 years. An inscription about him was found on the Egyptian pyramid. For the ancient Egyptians, onions were vital energy and invulnerability and were considered a sacred plant. In Russia, onions first appeared in the XII-XIII centuries and already at that time had nutritional and medicinal value. Thanks to its qualities, onions quickly gained popularity and spread throughout the world.

According to foreign trade statistics, over 4 years (2016 - 2019), 1.02 million tons of onions, shallots, garlic, and leeks were imported. The total value of imports amounted to $ 632.06 million. The main volume fell in 2017, and the minimum supply was in 2018.

In 2016, onion supplies amounted to 192.3 thousand tons for a total of $ 137.59 million. In 2017, the value of imports compared to 2016 increased by a record 54.7% and reached $ 212.87 million and 372.02 thousand tons in physical volume. In 2018, compared with 2017, the cost sharply decreased by 41% and amounted to $ 125.35 million and 208.19 thousand tons in physical volume. In 2019, the value of onion imports to Russia increased by 24.6% compared to 2018 - deliveries amounted to $ 156.25 million and 250.51 thousand tons in physical terms.

For 4 years, from 2016 to 2019, the value of onion imports increased by 15%.

Onion supplies to Russia from year to year are seasonal. The largest number of deliveries falls on the period from March to June. Onion is imported mainly due to the lack of storage capacity for vegetables throughout the year. Almost the entire volume of imports falls on the period when, due to the underdevelopment of special equipment for storage and storage facilities, the most acute shortage of domestic supply is observed. You can find out the dynamics of imports from a particular importer in a specialized agency by making a request for a TIN selection from the database of customs statistics.

The basis of imports in 2019 was:

070310 - Onions and shallots (shallots) (share by value - 51.03%, share by weight - 78.17%);
070320 - Fresh or chilled garlic (share by value - 47.28%, share by weight - 20.45%);
070390 - Leeks and other onion vegetables, fresh or chilled (share by value - 1.69%, share by weight - 1.38%);

In 2019, the leading suppliers of onion imports to Russia were:

1.China - $ 76.1 million (48.70% of the total);
2. Egypt - $ 34.94 million (22.36%);
3. The Netherlands - $ 10.86 million (6.95%);
4. Iran - $ 10.06 million (6.44%);

Egypt is one of the leaders in the supply of onions to Russia. If for the whole of 2018, the import value corresponded to $ 15.33 million, with a cargo weight of 34.97 thousand tons, then in 2019, the import value increased by 127% in value, and in physical terms amounted to 69.38 thousand tons.

Import from Azerbaijan is also gaining momentum, if during 2018 import was $ 3.89 million, and in kind 7.75 thousand tons, then in 2019 the volume increased by 45% and amounted to $ 5.64 million, and in real terms 11.47 thousand tons.

Turkey, on the contrary, sharply reduced onion imports. If for the whole of 2017, the import value corresponded to $ 32.1 million, then in relation to 2019 the volume fell by 91% and amounted to $ 2.94 million.

The leading Russian regions for onion imports are:

1. Moscow - $ 33.52 million (21.45%);
2. Krasnodar Territory - 30.9 mln. $ (19.78%);
3. St. Petersburg - $ 25.26 million (16.17%);
4. Primorsky Krai - $ 16.65 million (10.66%);
5. Trans-Baikal Territory - $ 11.55 million (7.39%);

Average prices for onion imports increased by 3.5% compared to 2018 and amounted to $ 623.73 per ton.

Due to increased demand for onions, after the introduction of quarantine restrictions, the export of onions outside the Eurasian Economic Union was temporarily banned until June 30, in order to provide the country's population with enough food during a pandemic.

28.04.2020 14:26:56
(Automatic translation)


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