A five-fold increase in the supply of sunflower seeds to the world market - 1BiTv.com

A five-fold increase in the supply of sunflower seeds to the world market

The result of Russian exporters for 2019.

A five-fold increase in the supply of sunflower seeds to the world market

Analyzing the Russian export of sunflower seeds, it can be noted that the level of sales of this valuable raw material abroad in 2017 was at an average level, 314.54 thousand tons of agricultural products were sold for a total of $ 132.18 million.
In 2018, a significant decline in export operations was observed, and by the end of the year, domestic exporters were able to sell only 87 thousand tons of seeds. The total turnover for this crop reached $ 49.37 million. 2019 brought the expected increase in production and sales of sunflower seeds. It was possible to sell 692.05 thousand tons of raw materials on the international market, and foreign trade brought $ 249.39 million to domestic producers. This is a record figure in the entire history of the Russian foreign trade activities.

Statistics show that over the three analyzed years, the cost of raw materials varied quite a lot. The average price in 2017 was $ 0.42 / ton, in 2018 it increased to $ 0.57 / ton, and in 2019 it dipped to $ 0.36 / ton.

Main partners
Russian producers export sunflower seeds (TNVED code 1206), crushed or not crushed, to a number of European and Asian countries, as well as to the USA.
• The indisputable leader among importers is Turkey. She bought 50.60% of the total production volume (553.31 thousand tons) and brought to producers 44.62% of the total income ($ 192.27 million).
• Belarus ranks second with indicators of 12.08% (132.08 thousand tons) and 15.56% ($ 67.07 million).
• The third - Bulgaria, whose entrepreneurs purchased from domestic partners 8.14% (89 thousand tons) of finished products and brought 6.42% ($ 27.65 million) of total income.
Kazakhstan strengthened its position by purchasing agricultural raw materials worth $ 27 million, which amounted to 6.27%, the volume of purchases - 88.08 thousand tons (8.05%).

The list of countries of importers is closed:
• Hungary, which acquired 99.38 tons for a total of $ 900.39 thousand.
• Latvia - 2.14 thousand tons worth $ 712.72 thousand
• Czech Republic with indicators of 828.99 tons worth $ 594.94 thousand
As can be noted, customs has a certain influence on the preference of the importing countries. In the CIS - a free economic zone exempted from duties.
Consider the dynamics of procurement of the main importers.
• Between 2017 and 2019, the volumes of raw materials imported by Turkey fluctuated sharply. So, in 2017, she bought seeds worth $ 69.14 million, in 2018 there was a sharp decline - $ 545.43 thousand, and in 2019 volumes increased to $ 122.59 million.
• Volumes purchased by the Republic of Belarus are quite stable over the years and are respectively $ 23.34 million, $ 19.19 million, $ 24.54 million.
• Bulgaria in 2017 spent on the purchase of raw materials only $ 9.65 thousand. 2018 was unsuccessful, supply contracts were not concluded, but in 2019 the entrepreneurs of this country signed an agreement on the import of seeds in the amount of $ 27.64 million.
• Kazakhstan increased the share of imports from $ 6.04 million to $ 14.53 million.
• China also expanded its participation in the Russian market, increasing over the years the volume of imports from $ 333.08 thousand to $ 22.29 million.

Statistics show that in these cases we can talk about opening new promising markets.

Export structure by Russian regions
When distributing production volumes, the climatic features of the territories and the concentration of domestic processing facilities should be taken into account. In general, production stability is observed. The three leaders include long-standing players in the country's agricultural market, who have reason to expect an increase in the share of agricultural products in the structure of Russian exports.
• Rostov Region supplied 469.92 thousand tons of finished products to the foreign market, which amounted to 42.97% of the total. In monetary terms, this is 40.18% for a total of $ 173.15 million.
• Krasnodar Territory procured and offered 11.12% of production to the foreign market. In terms of volume, this indicator amounted to 121.58 thousand tons. For these deliveries, entrepreneurs of the region received $ 75.16 million.
• The contribution of the Altai Territory - 108.87 thousand tons, which left 9.96% of all exports. In cash - $ 35.58 million
It is interesting to consider the dynamics of the development of sunflower seed production in these areas by years from 2017 to 2019.
• Rostov Region increased its total cash flow from $ 39.6 million to $ 128.88 million, not counting the disastrous 2018, in which entrepreneurs were able to provide only $ 4.66 million to the foreign raw materials market.
• In 2017, Krasnodar Krai was a leader among suppliers of the foreign market. In the fields, products worth $ 43.2 million were grown, in 2018 there was a large decline in production and the region introduced only $ 13.77 million to the seed market. Next year, agricultural enterprises recovered slightly and were able to supply $ 18.19 million.
• In Altai, a stable and powerful growth of production of this crop is observed. Farmers increased sales from $ 2.9 million to $ 25.05 million.

General statistics of Russian exporters are given in the article.

Such statistics indicate a change in the balance of forces in the market for exporting sunflower seeds. According to the Federal State Statistics Service, in 2019 there is a noticeable increase in sown area in the whole country by 4%. The leaders remain the Southern and Central Federal Districts. Analysts of APK-Inform agency note a record increase in sown area in the Altai Territory. In 2018, it amounted to 20%, and in 2019 another 7%. The interest of farmers is caused by the possibility of exporting to Kazakhstan. Trade agreements within the CIS and the absence of customs favorably affect foreign trade between countries.

06.05.2020 12:46:46
(Automatic translation)


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