Cervical cancer - 1BiTv.com

Cervical cancer

Australia "eliminates the disease first"

Cervical cancer

According to researchers, Australia will be the first country to effectively eliminate cervical cancer if vaccination and screening rates persist.
According to new models, the disease can be eradicated as a public health problem at the national level within 20 years.
The disease is projected to be classified as a “rare cancer” in Australia by 2022, when the cancer should decline to less than six cases per 100,000 people.
Scientists link progress with national prevention programs.
In 2007, Australia became one of the first countries to introduce a program to vaccinate girls against human papillomavirus (HPV). Subsequently, this program was extended to boys.
It complements the national screening program, which began in 1991.
The new simulation was published by the New South Wales Cancer Council (NSW), a charitable organization, in the Lancet journal of public health on Wednesday.
Efforts to eliminate
Cervical cancer is caused by "high risk" types of HPV, a sexually transmitted infection. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), it is the fourth most common cancer among women and with a high mortality rate worldwide.
Currently, the annual incidence rate of cervical cancer in Australia is seven per 100,000 people, which is about half the world average. The study predicted that annual cases in Australia would fall to four out of 100,000 by 2035 - a potential elimination threshold, the researchers suggested.
WHO has not yet established such cases where cervical cancer becomes so rare that it is considered eliminated.
“Regardless of what the threshold is, Australia is likely to be the first country to reach it, given our current low incidence rate of cervical cancer and our strong prevention programs,” said Dr. Megan Smith, a researcher at the Cancer Council. .

Last year, Australia replaced its usual cancer screening standards — the Pap smear test — with more sensitive tests for screening the cervix for HPV.
Researchers estimate that switching to a new test, conducted only once every five years, will reduce the incidence of cancer by 20%.
According to WHO, approximately nine out of ten deaths from cervical cancer occur in low- and middle-income countries.
What is human papillomavirus (HPV)?

HPV is the name given to a common group of viruses; there are more than 100 types of HPV

Many women will be infected with HPV during their lifetime without any negative consequences.

In the vast majority of cases, there will be no symptoms and the infection will go away on its own, but in some cases a persistent infection can lead to a cervical disease.

Some types of HPV are high-risk because they are associated with the development of certain types of cancer.

Other types of lower risk HPV can lead to genital warts.

Almost all types of cervical cancer (99.7%) are caused by high-risk HPV infection.

The HPV vaccine protects against four types of HPV, which cause about 80% of cervical cancers and the vast majority of warts.

03.10.2018 10:53:00
(Automatic translation)

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